Learning is the acquisition of knowledge or skills through study, experience, or being taught.
In other words, learning is a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience.
Components of Learning
1. Changing: Learning involves changing and it is vital because of the inner desire to discover, to innovate to explore oneself.
2. Ingrained: Change must become ingrained. Immediate changes may be only reflexive or result of fatigue and thus may not represent learning.
3. Experience: It may be acquired directly through observation or practice or it may acquired indirectly as through reading.
Theories of Learning
1. Classical Conditioning: It is a traditional approach. It also a type of Conditioning in which an individual responds to some stimulus that would not ordinarily produce such a response.
Classical Conditioning is passive, something happens and we react in specific way. It is elicited in response to a specific, identifiable event.
2. Operant Conditioning: Operant conditioning is a type of conditioning in which desired voluntary behavior leads to a reward or prevents a punishment. Operant behavior means voluntary or learned behavior in contrast to reflexive or unlearned behavior.
Classical Conditioning is recreational and mind satisfaction conditioning.
3. Social Learning Theory: The main view is that people can learn through observation and direct experience.
It is a process for learning from family, school, colleges, universities etc.