Organizational behavior is the study and a process of three elements (Individual, Group activities, Organizational structures) & their impact with organizational effectiveness.
Organizational behavior works with three elements. These are –
- Group Activities
- Organizational Structure & Strength
In other words Organizational behavior is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups and structures have on behavior within an organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organization’s effectiveness.
Productivity is the state or quality of being productive. It is also the relationship between inputs and outputs.
Organizational Effectiveness: Effective is the total performance of the organization. Effectiveness is the total target is achieved.
Simply Organizational behavior is the employees behavior in a organization. How to control the behavior of employees & people in a organization.
What Manager’s do?
A manager is an individual who has a top position in an organization and they mostly perform the roles of planning ,organizing, staffing, directing and controlling all aspects of the organization .Good manager is one who is able to effectively ensure that the organizational goals are met.
We classified the three job by the performance of managers. These are
- Average Manager
- Successful Manager
- Effective Manager
Average Manager: In that case average managers are involve with the traditional functions of management. These traditional functions are planning, organizing, influencing & controlling. The average manager in the study spent 32% of his or her time in traditional management activities.
Successful Manager: Successful manager is that who involve with three additional management functions, these are communication, human resource management (HRM) and Networking. Also the successful managers are always looking for short term success, In that case in a organization the output can ups and downs. The output is not existent with consistent result. The successful manager 48% percent of his or her time spent in Networking activities.
Effective Manager: Effective managers are always looking for long term success. Here the organizational result are always constant, no ups and downs. In that case manager always become a long term visionary. Manager using communication for controlling the process and 44% time spent for studying communication.
Contributing Disciplines to the Organizational Behavior (OB) field
Organizational behavior is an applied behavioral science that is built on contributions from a number of behavioral disciplines. These are –
- Social Psychology
Psychology: The science that seeks to measure, explain and sometimes change the behavior of humans and other animals.
It is applied for individual activities. There are 14 elements of psychology which puts into Organizational Behavior (OB)-
7) Leadership effectiveness
8) Job satisfaction
9) Individual decision making
10) Performance appraisal
11) Attitude measurement
12) Employee selection
13) Work design
14) Work Stress
Social Psychology: An area of psychology that blends concepts from psychology and sociology and that focuses on the influence of people on one another.
It is applied for group activities. There are 5 elements of social psychology which puts into Organizational Behavior (OB) –
1) Behavioral change
2) Attitude change
4) Group processes
5) Group decision making
Sociology: The study of people in relation to their social environment or culture.
It is applied for group activities and organization structure. There are 8 elements of sociology which puts into Organizational Behavior (OB) –
4) Inter-group behavior
5) Formal Organization theory
6) Organizational technology
7) Organizational change
8) Organizational culture
Anthropology: The study of societies to learn about human beings and their activities. It is also the comparative scenario as a example generation and cultural gap.
It is used in organization structure. There are 6 elements of anthropology which puts into Organizational Behavior (OB) –
1) Comparative values
2) Comparative attitudes
3) Cross-cultural analysis
4) Organizational culture
5) Organizational environment